Writer and self proclaimed “etymologikonoclast” Teresa Elms of Eytmologikon answers this question in a blog post.
First, the most frequently used 80% of English words come from Germanic sources, not Latinate sources… Second, the syntax of English, although much simplified from its Old English origins, remains recognizably Germanic.
Elms also illustrates the “vocabulary divergences” among the European languages in an infographic, grouping the language family by color. Proximity of the circles indicates the lexical closeness of languages.
To read more of Teresa Elm’s thoughts on language and etymology, visit her blog, Etymologikon.
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